Corporate Social Responsibility in India – Section 135 Of The Companies Act 2013




CSR is the process by which an organization thinks about and evolves its relationships with stakeholders for the common good, and demonstrates its commitment in this regard by adoption of appropriate business processes and strategies. Thus CSR is not charity or mere donations.

CSR is a way of conducting business, by which corporate entities visibly contribute to the social good. Socially responsible companies do not limit themselves to using resources to engage in activities that increase only their profits. They use CSR to integrate economic, environmental and social objectives with the company’s operations and growth.




What is the meaning of CSR?

In exercise of the powers conferred under clause (o) and clause (q) of sub-section 3 of Section 134 read with Section 135 and sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 469 of the Companies Act, 2013 the Central Government hereby makes the following Rules namely:


In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires:-

(a) ‘Act’ means Companies Act, 2013;

(b) ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’ means Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as defined in Section 135 of the Companies Act 2013;

(c) ‘Ministry’ means the Ministry of Corporate Affairs;

(d) ‘Net Profit’ for the section 135 and these rules shall mean, net profit before tax as per books of accounts and shall not include profits arising from branches outside India.

(e) 2% CSR spending would be computed as 2% of the average net profits made by the company during every block of three years. For the purpose of First CSR reporting the Net Profit shall mean average of the annual net profit of the preceding three financial years ending on or before 31 March 2014.

(f) Reporting will be done on an annual basis commencing from FY 2014-15.

(g) Tax treatment of CSR spend will be in accordance with the IT Act as may be notified by CBDT.

(h) Words and expressions used in these Rules and not defined herein but defined in the Act shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in the Act.


Operating Provisions of the Rules for Corporate Social Responsibility in India

1. CSR activities may generally be conducted as projects or programmes (either new or ongoing) excluding activities undertaken in pursuance of the normal course of business of a company. The CSR Committee constituted under sec. 135(1), shall prepare the CSR Policy of the company which shall include the following:

a. specify the projects and programmes that are to be undertaken.

b. prepare a list of CSR projects/programmes which a company plans to undertake during the implementation year , specifying modalities of execution in the areas/sectors chosen and implementation schedules for the same.

c. CSR projects/programmes of a company may also focus on integrating business models with social and environmental priorities and processes in order to create shared value.

d. CSR Policy of the company should provide that surplus arising out of the CSR activity will not be part of business profits of a company.

e. CSR Policy would specify that the corpus would include the following: a. 2% of the average net profits, b. any income arising therefrom c. surplus arising out of CSR activities.

2. The CSR Committee, shall prepare a transparent monitoring mechanism for ensuring implementation of the projects / programmes / activities proposed to be undertaken by the company.

3. Where a company has set up an organization which is registered as a Trust or Section 8 Company, or Society or Foundation or any other form of entity operating within India to facilitate implementation of its CSR activities in accordance with its stated CSR Policy, the following shall apply:

a. The contributing company would need to specify the projects/programmes to be undertaken by such an organization, for utilizing funds provided by it;

b. The contributing company shall establish a monitoring mechanism to ensure that the allocation is spent for the intended purpose only;

4. A company may also conduct/implement its CSR programmes through Trusts, Societies, or Section 8 companies operating in India, which are not set up by the company itself.

5. Such spends may be included as part of its prescribed CSR spend only if such organizations have an established track record of at least three years in carrying on activities in related areas.

6. Companies may collaborate or pool resources with other companies to undertake CSR activities and any expenditure incurred on such collaborative efforts would qualify for computing the CSR spending.

7. Only such CSR activities will be taken into consideration as are undertaken within India.

8. Only activities which are not exclusively for the benefit of employees of the company or their family members shall be considered as CSR activity.

9. All companies falling under the provision of Section 135 (1) of the Act shall report, in the prescribed format, the details of their CSR initiatives in the Directors’ Report and in the company’s website.



What are the activities which may be included by companies in their Corporate Social Responsibility Policies ?



Activities relating to:—


eradicating extreme hunger and poverty;


(ii) promotion of education;


(iii) promoting gender equality and empowering women;


(iv) reducing child mortlity and improving maternal health;


(v) combating human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, malaria and other diseases;


(vi) ensuring environmental sustainability;


(vii) employment enhancing vocational skills;


(viii) social business projects;


(ix) contribution to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund or any other fund set up by the Central Government or the State Governments for socio-economic development and relief and funds for the welfare of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, other backward classes, minorities and women; and (x) such other matters as may be prescribed.


If you like to support our foundation by help us under CSR activities, please write to our founder Mr.Rahul Verma at

Further you can visit our Health Center and Computer learning Center any working day between 10:00 am to 5:00 pm to see how we work. Our address is Uday Foundation ,113A/1 (Near Govardhan Resturant), Adhchini, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi 110017, Phone : + 91.11.2656 1444 / 333



Above mentioned information is for information purpose only, please refer to The Companies Act 2013 for detailed information.


Last updated on: 10:40 AM 11/30/2013